Olive groves in PDO Kolymvari, Crete

PDO and PGI describe foods associated with particular parts of Europe, as defined by the European Commission. The designations are meant to help avoid confusion over inappropriate claims about product origins.

PDO stands for Protected Designation of Origin. (Also Denominazione di Origine Protetta, or DOP, in Italian.)

PGI means Protected Geographical Indication.

“Guaranteeing quality to consumers and a fair price for farmers are the twin aims of the new Quality Regulation that enter[ed] into force” in 2013, according to the European Commission (EC). This is how the EC defines these terms

Protected Designation of Origin - PDO:  covers agricultural products and foodstuffs which are produced, processed and prepared in a given geographical area using recognised know-how.”

Protected Geographical Indication - PGI: covers agricultural products and foodstuffs closely linked to the geographical area. At least one of the stages of production, processing or preparation takes place in the area.”

There are currently 29 registered PDOs and PGIs for Greek olive oils, according to the Greek Ministry of Rural Development and Food. You can see them by clicking on “Olive oil – olives” on the Ministry’s website. This chart offers additional information about the Greek olive oil PDOs and PGIs--names, addresses, and inspection bodies--in a more easily readable form.